Public Limited Company

Registration of a Public Limited Company

Incorporating a Public Limited Company is a suitable option for large scale businesses that require huge capital. There should be a minimum of seven members with no limit on maximum number of members/shareholders for starting a Public Limited Company.

Usually, Public Limited Companies get listed with stock exchanges to raise capital from the general public. This is why Public Limited Companies have to comply with multiple regulations of the government and starting a public limited company becomes a cumbersome process.

What is a Public Limited Company?

A Public Limited Company is defined under Section 2(71) of the Companies Act, 2013 as:

  1. a company which is not a private company
  2. a company with a minimum paid-up share capital of INR 5 lakhs.

Note : Under the Companies Act, 2013, a subsidiary company shall be deemed to be a public company if it is not a subsidiary to a private company, even if it is a private company as per its articles.

Checklist for Incorporating a PLC

Minimum Paid-up share CapitalINR 5 Lakhs
Minimum number of Directors3
Maximum number of Directors50
Minimum number of Shareholders7
Maximum number of ShareholdersNo Limit

Documents Required for PLC Registration

  • Passport sized photographs of all the Directors
  • Copies of the Identity documents of all the Directors- Aadhar Card, Voter Card, PAN card
  • DSC (Digital Signature Certificate) of all the Directors
  • DIN (Director Identification Number) of all the Directors
  • In case the office is in a rented property – the rent agreement
  • In case the office is an owned place – the property ownership documents
  • The water bill and the electricity bill of the business place
  • No Objection Certificate by the Landlord
  • Memorandum of Association (MoA)
  • Articles of Association (AoA)

It is necessary that all the documents pertaining to registration of a Public Limited Company are in order to avoid any legal complications later on.